Michelangelo was an Italian sculptor, architect, painter, and poet. After an apprenticeship at Florence under Medici patronage, Michelangelo moved to Rome (1496–1501), where he produced his first important sculptures, including the Pietà in St. Peter’s. Back in Florence, he continued to produce major paintings, including The Holy Family, now in the Uffizi gallery. He was again (1505) summoned to Rome by Pope Julius II, who commissioned Michelangelo to make his tomb, a project that proved both lengthy and troublesome. Michelangelo painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican (1508–12), then returned again (1516) to Florence, where he worked on architectural projects for the Medicis. He later painted the Last Judgment fresco in the Sistine Chapel (1534–41) and in 1547 was appointed architect in charge of St. Peter’s, for which he designed the celebrated dome.