The Pony Express service ran between St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California.
The Pony Express serviceIt was first offered April 3, 1860.
In the Pony Express tThere were 183 riders and 400 horses, and they covered 1,966 miles with 190 stops along the way.
The trip for Pony Express riders took 10 days in summer and 12 to 16 days in winter. The rate was five dollars per half-ounce letter. By the end of the Pony Express, the price had dropped to $1.00 per half ounce.
An ad for Pony Express riders in a California newspaper read: “Wanted. Young, skinny, wiry fellows. Not over 18. Must be expert riders. Willing to risk death daily. Orphans preferred.”
Most Pony Express riders were around 20 years old. The youngest was 11. The oldest were in their mid-40s. Not many were orphans. They usually weighed around 120 pounds.
Pony Express rRiders were paid $100 per month.
New Pony Express riders took over every 75 to 100 miles.
Pony Express rRiders got a fresh horse every 10 to 15 miles. Horses traveled an average of 10 miles per hour.
The Pony Express was put out of business when the Transcontinental Telegraph was made available to the public on October 24, 1861.
The Pony Express’s final haul reached Sacramento two days later, on October 26, 1861.