Roses have been cultivated from the earliest time of man’s existence and continue to be a favorite to this day.
There are three main groupings of roses: the Species (like the “wild roses”); Old Garden Roses (classes of roses in existance before 1867); and Modern Roses (classes of roses NOT in existance before 1867).*
A “rose hip” is the fruit of the rose which contains the seeds.*
Roses have two types of roots: anchor roots and hair roots.*
The “anchor” roots of roses are thick and strong, they hold the rose bush upright while it is growing. They also store nutrients during the winter season.*
The “hair roots” of roses are the feeder roots. Their main job is to absorb the nutrients in the soil as they become available.*
Cabbage roses — popular in Renaissance art — arose around the sixteenth century. They were a cross between the Damask and the Alba rose.
Modern roses are mostly hybrid tea roses and floribunda roses.